Is Indian Civilization a Myth?
In the title essay of this enthralling collection, Sanjay Subrahmanyam sets a provocative ball rolling: ‘At the heart of the matter’, he says, ‘is the notion that at some distant point in the past, say about AD 500, the concept of “Indian civilization” had already been perfected. Everything of any importance was in place: social structure, philosophy, the major literary works … The central idea here is of India-as-civilization, and it very soon becomes the same as a notion of closed India.’ Demolishing some of the myths which sustain the notion of ‘the wonder that was India’, he shows us a region that was always more a crossroads, a rendezvous for concepts, cultures, and worldviews.Subrahmanyam’s book is itself a meeting point for a dazzling variety of ideas. It provides the cosmopolitan perspective of a multilingual world scholar who, having begun life in New Delhi, has gone on to live in several thought-provoking cities, including Paris, Lisbon, and Oxford. He is witty, debunking, iconoclastic, and polemically entertaining in all that he anatomizes here—Indian history and fiction, South Asian cultural forms, imperialism and imperialists, secularism and Hindu nationalism, travel writing, and the central conceits in Hemingway, Rushdie, Naipaul, and Marquez.Subrahmanyam is renowned as a historian and biographer. This book, which makes us rethink India and the world around it, is the first to reveal that he is also a writer of accessible and delightful English prose.
Sanjay Subrahmanyam is Distinguished Professor and Irving & Jean Stone Chair of Social Sciences in the Department of History in UCLA. He is also a long-term invited professor at the Collège de France (Paris). He has authored a number of books on early modern South Asian, Iberian, and global history, including The Portuguese Empire in Asia (1993), The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama (1997), Courtly Encounters (2012), and Europe’s India (2017). He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy.